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Wednesday, November 30, 2022

History of independence of all African countries

African Independence Day is celebrated on May 25. Many African countries commemorate the hard-won independence from European colonial powers on this day. However, Many African groups are also involved in arranging African Independence Day celebrations.
However, A country’s Independence Day is the day on which its people celebrate their independence from another country that ruled them in the past.
Before independence, Cameroon was also divided into two states, each of which gained its independence

A brief history of colonization

European powers competed for and partitioned Africa in the 17th century AD. However, This went on until roughly 1905 when the continent of Africa’s territory and resources had been totally split and colonized by European powers.
However, Ethiopia and Liberia, which was a haven for liberated slaves from the Americas, were the only countries that could not be colonized owing to significant resistance from the indigenes.

Independence

Following World War II, the battle for independence began. This also resulted in the Union of South Africa’s independence in 1931 after negotiations with the British empire, and Libya’s independence in 1951 from Italy, followed by others in the late 1950s.
Firstly, The road to African freedom was long and also winding, with many terrible battles, revolts, and assassinations along the way. For example, following a series of revolts, Britain unilaterally awarded “The Kingdom of Egypt” independence on February 22, 1922, but also continued to intervene in governing.
Following several violent uprisings, the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty was also signed in 1936, and a coup detat dubbed the Egyptian Revolution in 1952 resulted in the Egyptian Republic’s declaration on June 18th, 1953.
However, The peak year for independence came in 1960 when about 17 countries gained independence. These independence days are now celebrated as national day holidays in most countries of Africa.

African countries that gained independence in 1950

Egypt, South Africa, Ethiopia, and Liberia were also the continent’s only four independent countries in 1950.

African countries that gained independence in 1960

Meanwhile, In 1960, Somalia and Nigeria gained independence from the British Empire with the union of British Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somalia.

African countries to first gain independence

However, While many people believe Ghana to be the first African country to declare independence from Britain in 1957, Libya also declared independence in 1847 after being created by freed slaves.

State’s history of independence and founding

  • Liberia – 26 July 1847
  • South Africa – 31 May 1910
  • Arab Republic of Egypt – 28 February 1922
  • Ethiopia – May 5, 1941
  • Libya – December 24 1951
  • Sudan – 1 January 1956
  • Morocco – March 2, 1956
  • Tunisia – March 20 1956
  • Ghana – March 6, 1957
  • Guinea – October 2, 1958
  • Cameroon (also known as British Cameroon)- January 1, 1960
  • Senegal – 4 April 1960
  • Togo – 27 April 1960
  • Mali 14 – 22 September 1960
  • Madagascar – 26 June 1960
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo also gained on 30 June 1960
  • Somalia – 1 July 1960
  • Boys – August 1, 1960
  • Niger – August 1960
  • Burkina Faso – August 5, 1960
  • Ivory Coast – August 1960
  • Chad – August 11, 1960
  • Central African Republic – August 13, 1960
  • Republic of the Congo  also gained on – 15 August 1960
  • Gabon – August 16, 1960
  • Nigeria also gained on October 1, 1960
  • Mauritania – November 28 1960
  • Sierra Leone – 27 April 1961
  • Cameroon (also known as French Cameroon) – October 1, 1961
  • Tanzania – 9 December 1961
  • Burundi – 1 July 1962
  • Rwanda stripes on July 1, 1962
  • Algeria – 3 July 1962
  • Uganda – October 9, 1962
  • Kenya – December 12 1963
  • Malawi – 6 July 1964
  • Zambia – 24 October 1964
  • Gambia – 18 February 1965
  • Botswana – 30 September 1966
  • Lesotho – 4 October 1966
  • Mauritius – March 12 1968
  • Swaziland – 6 September 1968
  • Equatorial Guinea – 12 October 1968
  • Guinea-Bissau – 10 September 1974
  • Mozambique – June 1975
  • Cape Verde – 5 July 1975
  • Comoros – 6 July 1975
  • Sao Tome – 12 July 1975
  • Angola – 11 November 1975
  • Seychelles – 29 June 1976
  • Djibouti – 27 June 1977
  • Zimbabwe – 18 April 1980
  • Namibia – March 21 1990
  • Eritrea – 24 May 1993
  • South Sudan – 9 July 2011

Also Read: Hausa – Understanding the Status, Alphabet and Dialect

Country that gained independence from Britain in 1960

However, Nigeria gained independence from the United Kingdom on 1 October 1960. And an Executive Council, made up entirely of Nigerians, was also led by a Prime Minister, Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa.

African countries that gained independence

Meanwhile, There were 80 successful coups d’etats and 108 failed ones in 48 independent Sub-Saharan African countries between 1956 and 2001, a 46-year timeframe. However, The difficulty is that coups nearly never result in decent government. One bad leader just gives way to a better one.

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