24.2 C
Thursday, December 7, 2023

Today in 1977: Bantu Stephen Biko, One of The Greatest Black Consciousness Leaders Died

Bantu Stephen Biko was a South African anti-apartheid activist. Ideologically an African nationalist and African socialist. He was at the forefront of a grassroots anti-apartheid campaign known as the Black Consciousness Movement during the late 1960s and 1970s.

His ideas articulated in a series of articles published under the pseudonym Frank Talk.

After expelled from high school for political activism. Biko enrolled in and graduated (1966) from St. Francis College, a liberal boarding school in Natal. Then entered the University of Natal Medical School.

Also Read: Today in 2019, Robert Mugabe Died Aged 95 – WNTV

There he became involved in the multiracial National Union of South African Students (NUSAS), a moderate organization that had long espoused the rights of Blacks.

He soon grew disenchanted with NUSAS, believing that, instead of simply allowing Blacks to participate in white South African society, the society itself needed to restructured around the culture of the Black majority.

Black South African Students’ Organization (SASO)

In 1968 he cofounded the all-Black South African Students’ Organization (SASO), and he became its first president the following year. SASO was based on the philosophy of Black consciousness, which encouraged Blacks to recognize their inherent dignity and self-worth. In the 1970s the Black Consciousness Movement spread from university campuses into urban Black communities throughout South Africa.

Black People’s Convention

In 1972 Biko was one of the founders of the Black People’s Convention, an umbrella organization of Black consciousness groups.

Biko drew official censure in 1973, when he and other SASO members banned; their associations, movements, and public statements were thereby restricted. He then operated covertly, establishing the Zimele Trust Fund in 1975 to help political prisoners and their families.

Also Read: The Story Of Attah Ameh Oboni – Nigerian King Who Chose Suicide Instead of Bowing to Queen of England

He was arrested four times over the next two years and was held without trial for months at a time.

How Bantu Stephen Biko Died

On August 18, 1977, he and a fellow activist seized at a roadblock and jailed in Port Elizabeth.

Biko found naked and shackled outside a hospital in Pretoria, 740 miles (1,190 km) away, on September 11 and died the next day of a massive brain hemorrhage.

Chinaza Ogbachalu
Chinaza Ogbachaluhttps://www.chinazaogbachalu.com/
My name is Chinaza Ogbachalu, and I am a writer. I have been writing news and opinion articles for five years plus and have always had a passion for storytelling. I grew up in Nigeria and graduated from the University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, with a degree in linguistics and communication studies. I have written books that have been well-received by critics and readers alike. My work often focuses on culture and lifestyle, and I draw inspiration from my own experiences and observations of the world around me. As a news writer, I am responsible for researching and writing engaging and accurate news stories for our online audience. I have a strong passion for current events and am skilled at conducting interviews and gathering information from sources. I am grateful for the support of my readers and am constantly humbled by their enthusiasm for my work. Thank you for taking the time to learn more about me and my writing.


Lost African Kingdoms: Forgotten Civilizations of the Sahara

The Sahara Desert, a vast expanse of arid landscapes,...

Why May is Celebrated as Africa Month: Exploring its Significance and Origins

May is widely recognized and celebrated as Africa Month,...

The Untold Story of Fela Kuti’s Same-Day Marriage to 27 Wives

Fela Anikulapo Kuti, the legendary Nigerian musician, activist, and...

The 7 Moments in Nigeria History That Changed History

Nigeria, like every country in the world, has had...

Child Labor in the British Industrial Revolution

The British Industrial Revolution, which spanned from the mid-18th...