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Wednesday, November 29, 2023

Today in 2013 : South Africa’s First Black President, Nelson Mandela Died

On December 5, 2013, Nelson Mandela, the first President of South Africa to be elected in a fully representative democratic election, as well as the country’s first black head of state, died at the age of 95 after a prolonged respiratory infection.


Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mvezo in Umtata, then part of South Africa’s Cape Province.

He earned a reputation under the clan name Madiba. His patrilineal great-grandfather, Ngubengcuka, ruled the Thembu Kingdom in the modern-day Eastern Cape province of South Africa’s Transkeian Territories. Nelson’s paternal grandpa and the origin of his last name was Ngubengcuka’s son, Mandela.

Also Check: Today in 1904: Nigeria’s First President, Nnamdi Azikiwe Was Born

The descendants of Mandela’s cadet branch of the royal family were morganatic—ineligible to succeed to the throne but acknowledged as hereditary royal councilors—because he was the king’s child by a bride of the Ixhiba clan, a so-called “Left-Hand House.”

Political Career

The first black president of South Africa, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, was a South African anti-apartheid campaigner who presided over that country from 1994 to 1999. He was the first completely representative democratic election to elect a black head of state in the history of the nation. His administration concentrated on promoting racial harmony in order to erase the effects of apartheid. He presided over the African National Congress party from 1991 to 1997 and was an ideological socialist and African nationalist.


He died at around 20:50 local time (UTC+2) at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg, surrounded by family. His death was announced by then-President Jacob Zuma on national television at 23:45.

Reactions from governments, international organizations, and notable individuals, gained worldwide media coverage.

Also Read: Today in 1930: Nigerian Novelist, Poet, and Critic, Chinua Achebe Was Born

South Africa observed a national mourning period of 10 days. During this time numerous memorial services were conducted across the country. The official memorial service held at FNB Stadium, Johannesburg, on 10 December where the 95,000-seat stadium was two-thirds full because of the cold, rain, and transport challenges.

Nelson Mandela’s body lay in state at the Union Buildings in Pretoria from 11 to 13 December 2013. A state funeral was held on 15 December 2013 in Qunu in the Eastern Cape, where his body was buried.

Chinaza Ogbachalu
Chinaza Ogbachaluhttps://www.chinazaogbachalu.com/
My name is Chinaza Ogbachalu, and I am a writer. I have been writing news and opinion articles for five years plus and have always had a passion for storytelling. I grew up in Nigeria and graduated from the University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, with a degree in linguistics and communication studies. I have written books that have been well-received by critics and readers alike. My work often focuses on culture and lifestyle, and I draw inspiration from my own experiences and observations of the world around me. As a news writer, I am responsible for researching and writing engaging and accurate news stories for our online audience. I have a strong passion for current events and am skilled at conducting interviews and gathering information from sources. I am grateful for the support of my readers and am constantly humbled by their enthusiasm for my work. Thank you for taking the time to learn more about me and my writing.


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